United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN WOMEN)
UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, was created in July 2010 by the United Nations General Assembly as part of the UN reform agenda, and as an answer to challenges faced by the UN in its efforts to promote gender equality globally. It merges and builds on the important work of four previously distinct parts of the UN system, which focused exclusively on gender equality and women's empowerment: DAW, INSTRAW, OSAGI and UNIFEM.
The main roles of UN Women are:
- To support inter-governmental bodies, such as the Commission on the Status of Women, in their formulation of policies, global standards and norms.
- To help Member States to implement these standards, standing ready to provide suitable technical and financial support to those countries that request it, and to forge effective partnerships with civil society.
- To hold the UN system accountable for its own commitments on gender equality, including regular monitoring of system-wide progress.
Gender equality is not only a basic human right, but its achievement has enormous socio-economic ramifications. Empowering women fuels thriving economies, spurring productivity and growth. Yet gender inequalities remain deeply entrenched in every society. Women lack access to decent work and face occupational segregation and gender wage gaps. They are too often denied access to basic education and health care. Women in all parts of the world suffer violence and discrimination. They are under-represented in political and economic decision-making processes.
Grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the UN Charter, UN Women's work enfolds in five priority areas:
- Leadership and Participation
- Violence Against Women
- Women, Peace and Security
- Economic Empowerment
- National Planning and Budgeting
UN Women Programme Office in Serbia (previously UNIFEM) was established in 2006. UN Women is currently working in the fields of: gender responsive budgeting, gender equality in disaster risk reduction, combating violence against women and advancing women’s economic empowerment. The Office also assists in the implementation of projects supported by UN funds, such as the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women and the Fund for Gender Equality of UN Women.